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What are the best moments of the year to visit Tanzania?

Tanzania's time zone is GMT +3.
There is no daylight saving time in Tanzania; if daylight saving time is in effect in your country, the time zone becomes: GMT +2.

Tanzania is a Sub-Saharan country in Africa; its climate is tropical, but there are local variations depending on the area where you are.

On the coastal zone the temperature is high: the hottest months go from November to March and the average temperature is 25-31°C, while between May and September the average temperature is around 15-20°C with a humidity level very high, between 50 and 80%.
The sea temperature allows tourists to easily bathe in the Indian Ocean throughout the year, in fact it varies between 25°C in August to 29°C during the Tanzanian summer months.

The rainy season runs from November to April, but, according to the local subdivision, we can divide this part of the year into "small rainy season", between November and January, and "great rainy season", between February and April.
The substantial difference is that between November and January the rains are sporadic and take place especially as downpours or afternoon storms, while between February and April the intensity of the rainfalls is much higher until they become monsoon rains.

Let's see more in detail the rainy seasons, because as can be guessed they are the ones which outline the year in Tanzania.

Dry season: there are two dry "windows" during the year in Tanzania.
The first one can be identified from the end of December to the end of March. This part of the year is characterized by higher temperatures.
The second one is between June and late October. This is the driest season ever; during this period the winds coming from the south and blowing on the coastal part of Tanzania, called Kusi, make this season cooler than the other.

Great rainy season: from late March to early June, this is the season of the monsoon rains we have talked about above. Their peak can be considered during the month of April; it is the part of the year characterized by great rainfalls, especially in the afternoon. In the local language, that is Kiswahili, is called Masika.

Small rainy season: from late October to early December, this season is characterized by weak and sporadic showers this season. In the local language, that is Kiswahili, is called Mvuli.

Analyzing the rainy season, based on the geography of the country, we can also say that: in the extreme north of Tanzania from October to May the two rainy seasons are united and in the months of January and February there are more frequent rains.
In the north and east zone, except for the Lake Victoria, the small rainy season runs from October to December, while the great rainy season runs from March to the end of May.
In the other areas of Tanzania, that are west, south and south-east the rainy season runs from November to the end of May.

What are the differences between the two seasons if you wanted to visit a natural park?

During the rainy season the Natural Parks have luxuriant vegetation and the colors are unique and very bright.
In the Natural Parks there are many species of birds, in fact in addition to those that can be found in Tanzania during the year, there is also the presence of migratory ones.

Instead during the dry season in the parks there is a better visibility, this is an ideal period to do safaris because it is easier to observe various species of animals since they are concentrated in the areas with bigger quantity of water, moreover the tracks are all practicable and more safe.

What to bring to Tanzania?

When you visit Tanzania, it is advisable to carry light and practical clothes, preferably made of linen or cotton, with "Saharan" colors, as dark and bright colors attract insects the most.
In the evening it is advisable to use long sleeves and pants to minimize exposure to insect bites.

In inland areas, where temperatures are more rigid, it is advisable to wear fleece or woolen clothes; you can't miss to bring a rain jacket.

To respect the local culture, women are advised not to wear shirts that are too low-cut and too short.

In Tanzania the electricity is 220/230 Volts 50HZ of frequency.
It is necessary to have a three-prong adapter plug, the "British three-pin" type.

Given the spread of smartphones we have to talk about the GSM network.
The cellular network is very widespread, but it could happen that some inland areas are not covered, so is for this reason that guides during organized safaris are equipped with two-way radios and satellite telephones.
Furthermore, the accommodation facilities are equipped with means of communication to meet any need or emergency.

We advise tourists to be equipped with a local SIM to cut costs; the main local operators are: Vodacom Tanzania Ltd; Tigo, Zain, Zantel.
In addition, in many urban centers there are internet cafes where you can have access to internet.

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