lake victoria tanzania africa

Lake Victoria

Lake Victoria, in Kyniarwanda "Nyanza", is one of the great lakes of Africa.
It was named in honor of Queen Victoria in 1858 by the English explorer John Speke, in search for the legendary sources of the Nile.
The present city of Mwanza, located in the southern part of the lake, is located near the hill where the explorer had the intuition about the origin of the Nile and to remember that memorable moment, the gulf took the name of Speke.
It covers an area of 68,870 km² and is the largest lake in Africa and the second largest in the world.
It is situated on a plateau in the western part of the Rift Valley and its waters are part of Tanzania (49%), Uganda (45%) and Kenya (6%).
The only emissary is the white Nile, the longest of the tributaries of the Nile.
Its shores are an alternative to traditional safaris: gentle hills descend to the crystalline waters where you can watch the shows that only nature can give us, like that of the white-necked eagles pouncing on the fishes of its rich waters.

Lake Victoria plays a vital role in the survival of the millions of people living around its coasts, it is one of the most densely populated regions on earth.
The ecosystem of the lake and neighboring lands has undergone negative changes due to human intervention. During the 1950s, Nile perch was introduced into the lake in an attempt to increase fishery production.
The operation proved to be completely devastating for the local ecosystem, which saw the extinction of many of the fish species of the lake causing damage to biodiversity that was difficult to quantify.

Despite this fact, the lake is characterized by a variety of tropical freshwater fishes, these are in great demand for aquariums around the world, developing in this way a very important business for the surrounding areas.
Lake Victoria offers the possibility of going fishing, boat trips and visiting the breeding grounds for birds and crocodiles.
In the lake there are numerous archipelagos, which count about 3,000 different islands often uninhabited, and beautiful cliffs, some of which are visible below the water surface.
Lake Victoria contains more than 200 different fish species, but the most economically important is Tilapia.

On Lake Victoria there are two beautiful National Parks: the Rubondo Island National Park and the Saanane National Park.

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