udzungwa mountains national park tanzania africa

Udzungwa Mountains National Park

Udzungwa is the most biodiverse national park.
It consists of a chain composed of a dozen large forests surrounded by mountains that rise majestically from the flat expanse of the coast of eastern Tanzania.
This chain is known by all as "the Mountains of the Eastern Arc", in addition this archipelago has been nicknamed "the African Galapados" for its precious varieties of plants and local animals, such as the African violets.
The park covers a part (about the 20%) of the Udzungwa mountain chain, whose highest peak is Luhombero with 2,579 meters of altitude, on the eastern border of the central plateau of Tanzania.
The mountains dominate the valleys formed by the rivers Ruaha and Kilombero.

Four species of birds constitute a peculiarity of this park, including: the aliruggina nettarinia and the crested wood partridge.
In the Park there are numerous species of reptiles and amphibians, some of which are characteristic of the area: the Cnemaspis uzungwae (a category of geko) and the Phrynobatrachus uzungwensis (a variety of tree frog).
The park is home to 11 different species of primates, including: the Sanje river beetle, the highland cercocebo, the red colobus of the Udzungwa, the Uluguru galagon and the Udzungwa galagon.
Other primates present are: the Angolan colobus, the yellow baboon, the cercopithecus by diadem and the gray-green cercopithecus.
In the territory of the park live most of the species of mammals typical of the African fauna, such as: the elephant, the buffalo, the lion, the leopard, the hippopotamus, numerous species of antelope (including the Abbott cephalophe, the blue cephalophe, the striated tragelafo and the klipspringer, the honey badger, numerous viverrids, the pangolins, the mongooses and the hyraxes.
Recently a new species of elephant-shrew has been described, the gray-headed elephant shrew, also called gray-headed sengi.

Peculiarities of Udzungwa Moutains National Park:

  • you can visit wonderful forests and Sanje waterfalls;
  • it is a paradise for hikers;
  • it is possible to admire a wide variety of butterflies;
  • only in this park you can meet the red colobus of Iringa and the cercocebo of the Sanje river;
  • scientific researches and explorations are going on given the continuous discoveries of new species;
  • you can go hiking in the dense rainforest.

What to do

Bird watching, mountain bike tours, climbing, walking safaris, wildlife safaris, camping, luxury safaris.


It covers an area of around 2,000 km². The park is about 350 km from Dar es Salaam and 65 km from the town of Mikumi.

Getting There

It is five hours (350 km) far from Dar es Salaam; 65 km southwest of Mikumi.
It can be reached by jeep from Dar es Salaam or Mikumi National Park.

When to Go

The temperature in the tropical forest varies from 9 to 24°C.
It is possible to visit the park throughout the year, even if during the rainy season the ground is very slippery.

Where to Stay

There are some campsites within the park.
Two modest but comfortable houses with rooms and en-suite bathroom 1 km far from the park entrance.

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