Originally it was a small town known as "Idodomya" and was a stop
for caravans that traveled from the coast towards the hinterland
and Lake Tanganyka,
Dodoma was founded in 1907 by the Germans during the construction of the central railway of Tanzania.
After the World War I, Tanzania became part of the British Empire.
In 1973 the country's capital was moved from Dar es Salaam (capital during the British colonial period) to Dodoma.
The shift of the capital to Dodoma was conceived as a national project to cement a new identity in Tanzania and it is similar to the projects done in Nigeria (with the city of Abuja), in Botswana (with the city of Gaborone), in Malawi (with the city of Lilongwe) and Mauritania (with the city of Nouakchott).
The city is surrounded by a rich agricultural area, in the eastern part of Dodoma there are various agricultural markets and the livestock market. It is the center of the growing wine industry of Tanzania.
There are two important universities: the St. Johns University of
Tanzania, owned by the Anglican Church, and the University of
Dodoma, both universities were officially opened in 2007.
The Anglican Church owned the only international school in Dodoma, the Canon Andrea Mwaka School, founded in 1950.
What to do
Lion Rock, also called "Simba Hill" or "Mlimwa" in Swahili, is a hilly area where you can admire the panorama from a privileged point of view.
Kondoa Irangi Rock Paintings: they are a series
of caves dug into the hills overlooking the steppe.
The caves contain rock paintings dating back over 50,000 years ago. The exact number of rock art sites in the Kondoa area is currently uncertain, it is estimated that they can be between 150 and 450.
The Cathedral of Dodoma is one of the most beautiful architectural monuments of the capital and is located next to Jamathkana mosque, which has certainly a British neoclassical design.
One of the main attractions is the Geological Museum, which hosts a exhibiton of models and finds dedicated to the morphology of the country.
Bunge, or parliament, is open to visitors during the sessions only (make sure to have the passport with you), while the outside of the Bunge is always accessible. Taking photographs is strictly forbidden.
Nyerere Square was created in memory of Julius K. Nyerere, first president of the Republic of Tanzania.
Located on the eastern edge of the southern plateaus, the city is located 453 km west of Dar es Salaam and 441 km south of Arusha.
Dodoma is connected to all the major cities of Tanzania by roads.
Going toward the east we reach Dar es Salaam; going toward the
west we reach Mwanza and Kigoma; the
Great Northern Road leads to Arusha.
From Dodoma passes the central railway, which connects it to Dar es Salaam.
The airport can only accommodate medium-sized aircraft and an extension is planned.
Where to Stay
There are several hotels and lodges to stay.